Brain Injury Diagnosis & Treatment

How are traumatic brain injuries diagnosed, and what treatment is recommended for concussions and other brain injuries?

Doctor looking at x-ray photo with patient in background

Treatment and Prognosis for Post-Concussion Syndrome

Treatments for post-concussion symptoms include targeted medication trials and various rehabilitation therapies such as physical, occupational, and speech therapy. Sometimes complementary therapies can be helpful, too.

Chiropractor checking neck injury of patient

How Is Post-Concussion Syndrome Diagnosed?

Diagnosis of the causes of post-concussion syndrome and targeted treatment requires a thorough physician evaluation, either using a symptom checklist or an open-ended physician interview called a “history” and “review of symptoms.”

Young businessman with neck pain at work

Why Post-Concussion Syndrome Is Controversial

Because post-concussive symptoms overlap with other conditions, a misdiagnosis is possible. Sometimes people have more than one diagnosis, too. The term post-concussion syndrome is controversial, too, because it is really not a syndrome. A syndrome has a consistent cluster of symptoms or signs that make it a syndrome. This is not true for post-concussion syndrome.

Concussion in Young Children: What You Need to Know

An early childhood teacher talks with Dr. Sandel about about concussion in young children. What causes it? What do we need to look for? And how can we help during the recovery process?

Front line of football players holding football

Brain Injury Research — Still Lacking in the 21st Century

There are many unanswered research questions about concussion diagnosis, pathophysiology, risk factors, and effective treatments. About 50 are included here to emphasize the fact that we still need a lot more research in brain injury medicine for advances in diagnosis and treatment.

3D x-ray of spine/neck

Check the Neck after a Brain Injury

Whiplash and cervical strain occurs when a person’s head and neck are forced back and forth, injuring soft tissues of the neck. They are common after brain injuries.

3D illustration of person holding head in pain

Evaluating and Treating Headaches After Brain Injury

Headaches are extremely common after a traumatic brain injury, but there are various treatments that vary depending on the phenotype or cause.

Woman with eyes closed holding neck in pain

Post-Traumatic Headaches: Not Just One Type or Treatment

Headaches must be evaluated with a comprehensive history and physical examination. There are many options for treatment, but diagnosis has to be the first step.

MRI of brain

Imaging the Brain after a Brain Injury

CT and MRI scans are the most common imaging modalities to evaluate people with traumatic brain injury, but advanced imaging methods are more promising for diagnosis and prognosis. However, interpretations of findings can vary.

Close up of woman holding neck in pain

3 Healing Modalities to Try to Ease Brain Injury Associated Symptoms

Conventional treatments like medications may not help symptoms after a brain injury. Complementary or alternative treatments may help.

Abstract brain divided into pieces

What’s It Like to Have a Brain Injury?

Stories of people who experience a traumatic brain injury can help to support and educate others. Seth had a protracted recovery, but ultimately a good one. (2 parts)

Person using pencil to fill in answer on exam

What Effect Does Concussion Have on Learning?

Stories of athletes like Brittany who experience concussions or more severe brain injuries can help to educate others. She did get back on track.

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